Teletext in Europe. From the Analog to the Digital Era (Nordicom, 2016)

‘Teletext in Europe. From the Analog to the Digital Era’/ Nordicom
This anthology, edited by Professor Hallvard Moe, University of Bergen, and Professor Hilde Van den Bulck, University of Antwerp, will fill the gap of knowledge of teletext in Europe.

The book contains peer reviewed chapters by renowned European researchers in the field of teletext.The first part provides broad and surprising perspectives on teletext as a medium. The second part provides various country cases of the development of teletext in Europe.

Chapter ‘Is It Just Text?’ / Raquel Meyers
This chapter looks at teletext from the perspective of an artist and of its artistic value. It is argued that teletext is not just news on demand provided by television networks or a character set, and that it is about much more than nostalgia, profit, constraints, domesticity or zombie technology stored in a garage, because teletext performs in ways we have not fully designed it for and not yet fully understood. Teletext is compared to brutalist architecture with which it shares many similarities: text is used unadorned and roughcast, like concrete. Brutalism has an unfortunate reputation of evoking a raw dystopia and teletext evokes an “object of nostalgia,” It is a challenge and has the universal language of silence. The text further argues that using old technologies, like teletext, is a commitment that is at the same time a risk because it does not seek to forge a self-identity. It is a dialogue of possibilities rather than an ego-trip monologue with technology. And these possibilities are irrelevant to the individual’s self-identity and pursuits. Finally, the chapter also explores how teletext is not a physical object; it is the dark band dividing pictures horizontally on the television screen, used by the PAL system. Vertical-blanking-interval lines like REM (rapid eye movement) sleep intervals. A door to unlock the Imagination.

Keywords: teletext, art, grid, text characters, brutalism, imagination, media art